- Oral Medicine
- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
- Conservative Dentistry
- Dental Implant Center
Introduction and definition
The most important causes of tooth extraction are firstly tooth decay, secondly gum disease, and thirdly impact caused by accidents called surface wound.
If one of two or more teeth are lost due to these acquired or congenital causes, patients would have difficulties in eating food and digesting becomes hard, causing malnutrition of the entire body and the deterioration of health, while deforming the facial appearance, and making the patients hard to correctly pronounce the words during daily conversations or causing a feeling of inferiority, thus making their social life difficult.
If some teeth are lost and left untouched, the neighboring tooth will be inclined to the space of lost teeth like a domino phenomenon.
In addition, as the opposing teeth on the other side come down or go up, the balance of tooth arrangement is broken, and the additional tooth cavities or gum diseases occur because food is stuck between the generated empty spaces, and it has impacts on the surrounding normal teeth, facial muscles, and jaw joints. It may cause serious disability.
Prosthetics is one of dental treatment to restore oral and facial functions and improve esthetic aspects by resolving the above mentioned problems by artificially replacing the lost teeth of patients. The department in charge is called Prosthodontics
Fields of dental treatment
- 1. General prosthetic treatment (fixed denture prosthetics, partial denture prosthetics, complete denture prosthodontics)
A traditional prosthetic treatment that covers weakened teeth due to excessive tooth decay or endodontic treatment, and restores lost teeth
- 2. Aesthetic prosthetic treatment
A treatment to improve aesthetic aspects such as discoloration on teeth mainly the anterior tooth, abnormality of shape, wide gap between teeth
- 3. Maxillofacial prosthetic treatment
A therapeutic area for improving functions and aesthetic aspects in cases that there is excessive deletion in oral areas (plate), laryngopharyngeal areas, and facial areas due to inherent causes, or acquired causes such as the occurrence of oral cancer or external damage
- 4. Implant prosthetic treatment
The traditional method of restoring lost teeth is to delete healthy teeth on both sides of the missing tooth or make a denture, and it means the treatment area that implants artificial dental root in the space where the tooth is lost and then made and then implants a tooth on the area